Dr. Jennifer F. McKinnon (Principal Investigator and Project Manager)

Dr. Jennifer McKinnon Co-Principal Investigator and Project Manager for the World War II Maritime Heritage Trail American Battlefield Protection Program Grant.

Jennifer is a lecturer in the Program in Maritime Archaeology at Flinders University and a research associate with Ships of Discovery, Corpus Christi, Texas, USA. Jennifer has conducted underwater archaeology trainings with local government agencies and divers on the island of Saipan in the Northern Mariana Islands in an effort to generate interest in the project, and develop a team of volunteers who will help map the sites. Over 2009-2010 she led  three field seasons (July 2009, February 2010, June 2010) mapping WWII sites for inclusion on the trail.

Jennifer has previous experience working on and developing heritage trails in the state of Florida. While working with the State of Florida, Bureau of Archaeological Research she assisted with adding shipwreck sites to the Florida Shipwrecks Preserve Program. She also was a member of the team who developed the 1733 Spanish Galleon Trail in the Florida Keys.



Dr. Toni L. Carrell (Co-Project Manager)

Dr. Toni Carrell is a Co-Project Manager for the World War II Invasion Beaches Underwater Heritage Trail American Battlefield Protection Grant.

She joined Ships of Discovery in 1990 after having worked as an underwater archaeologist for the National Park Service’s Submerged Cultural Resources Unit for many years.  During that period she worked throughout Micronesia and investigated shipwrecks in Palau, Guam, and the CNMI.  Toni [Carrell] edited the only comprehensive study to date of the shipwrecks in the region, Micronesia Submerged Cultural Resources Assessment (1991). Since joining Ships of Discovery, her extensive experience investigating shipwrecks from the 1600s to WWII throughout the United States and several foreign countries has continued as she pursues an interest hull construction. That led her to field directing the excavation of the La Salle shipwreck, La Belle for the Texas Historical Commission in 1997. In 2008, Toni [Carrell] was the co-principal investigator for the Search for the Slave Ship Trouvadore expedition, a position she also held during the 2004 and 2006 expeditions.  

A respected author and lecturer, Dr. Carrell has written many articles for both popular and scientific journals, and has authored numerous archaeological reports. She is presently editing a comprehensive study of the maritime history of the CNMI for the Saipan HPO.  She served as Chairman of the Advisory Council on Underwater Archaeology from 1995-2000 and represented the Society for Historical Archaeology during the UNESCO meeting of experts on the development of the international Convention on the Protection of Underwater Cultural Heritage, adopted in 2001. She was elected to the Women Diver’s Hall of Fame in 2001.




Mr. Jason Raupp (Project Archaeologist)

Jason holds a B.A. in Anthropology from Northwestern State University and an M.A. in History and Historical Archaeology from the University of West Florida.  He has worked on or directed terrestrial and maritime archaeological projects in the US, Africa, Australia, Asia and the Pacific. Past employers include the National Park Service, the Florida Division of Historical Resources, The University of West Florida, South Australia’s Department of Environment and Heritage and Flinders University. Jason currently is a PhD student and Research Associate of the Flinders University Department of Archaeology.

Jason was responsible for the archaeological operations and diving plans for the project. He assisted with local trainings and conducted consultations with local groups on the development of the trail.




Mr. Shawn W. Arnold (Project Archaeologist)

Shawn Arnold received a B.A. from The University of West Florida majoring in Maritime Studies with a minor in Anthropology and a Masters of Maritime Archaeology from Flinders University. Shawn has experience working on a variety of submerged shipwrecks through field schools and during his Masters degree at Flinders.

For the project, Shawn developed an extensive bibliography and database of WWII history and archaeology resources of the Asia-Pacific region. Shawn conducted his thesis research in Saipan on in-field battle modifications to amphibious tanks (LVT) .




Mr. Peter Harvey (Project Archaeologist)

Peter completed a BSc. at Monash University with majors in Botany and Physical Geography and a Graduate Diploma in Maritime Archaeology at Curtain University in 1986. He has been a maritime archaeologist with Heritage Victoria since 1984 and been involved in many of Australia’s major shipwreck excavation projects including Xantho, Pandora and Sydney Cove. Peter’s experience include being one of the first to consider and attempt to quantify the effects of environmental factors such as marine flora and fauna and sediment composition and levels on the preservation and management of shipwrecks (Clarence shipwreck project); achieving stabilisation of the William Salthouse wreck through the novel application of artificial seagrass; initiating a state-wide survey of coastal maritime heritage infrastructure sites in response to recognition that such sites were under-represented, at threat and archaeologically important; and maintaining a responsive and forward looking Maritime Heritage Program and policies in Victoria that is often looked upon as a model for heritage managers elsewhere. Peter has extensive experience in the development and maintenance of heritage trails and working with community groups and dive organisations to protect maritime heritage.

Peter has been on the project for several seasons during which he organised and ran archaeological surveys underwater and on the shoreline. Peter contributes his skills as a photographer ensuring that each wreck is documented thoroughly. He is currently conducting research into a newly located Coronado aircraft wreck.

February 2010 Field Crew


June 2010 Crew