Humans Through Time and Space > Colonialism, Capitalism and Cosmopolitanism

Dr Pam Smith, Professor Donald Pate (Flinders University), Mark Raven, Dr Rob Fitzpatrick (CSIRO Land and Water), Dr Keryn Walshe (South Australian Museum), Dr Soren Blau (Victorian Institute of Forensic Medicine)

This is an ongoing collaborative research project initiated by Pam Smith in association with the Kimberley Land Council. It employs methods from forensic soil science, environmental chemistry, forensic anthropology, and forensic archaeology to identify cremated Aboriginal skeletal remains associated with massacre sites in the Kimberley region of Western Australia.

Project Contact:
For any project queries or for copies of reports and publications please email Pamela Smith

Selected Publications:

Smith, Pamela and Walshe, Keryn. The Conversation: Oral testimony of an Aboriginal massacre now supported by scientific evidence, 31st October 2017

Forensic science exposing Australia’s hidden genocide

Australasian Science, Nov/Dec 2017. Oral testimony of an Aboriginal massacre now supported by scientific evidence.

SBS News, 13 November 2017. Oral testimony of an Aboriginal massacre now supported by scientific evidence

Scientific evidence supports oral testimony of Aboriginal massacres in Kimberley. 6 November 2017.

ABC News radio and TV. 1 October 2017. Cutting edge forensic science techniques are being used to study … Aboriginal massacres. Report by Erin Park.

ABC online. 1 October 2017. Aboriginal massacre sites uncovered in first forensic science study. Report by Erin Park. Item ID: 853130107.

Smith, P.A., Raven, M. Walshe, K., Fitzpatrick, R. and Pate, F.D. 2017 Scientific evidence for the identification of an Aboriginal massacre at the Sturt Creek sites on the Kimberley frontier of north-western Australia. Forensic Science International, 279:258-267.!

Smith, P.A 2016 Purrkuji: Massacre on Sturt Creek Report of the History, Archaeological Survey and Forensic Investigation. A report to AIATSIS, the descendants of the massacre and the Kimberley Land Council.

Raven, M.D., Smith, P.A, Self, P.G., Fitzpatrick, R.W. and Blau, S. 2010 Soil forensic investigations of frontier conflict sites in far north-western Australia using advanced XRD techniques. Abstracts of the Third International Conference on Criminal and Environmental Soil Forensics. 3rd November, 2010. Long Beach California. p. 63321.

Smith, P.A. 2007 Frontier conflict: Ways of remembering contested landscapes. Journal of Australian Studies 31 (91):9-24.

Smith, P.A., S. Blau, R. Fitzpatrick and F.D. Pate 2005 Forensic archaeology on the Kimberley frontier. Program and Abstracts of the Australian Archaeological Association and Australian Institute for Maritime Archaeology Annual Conference. F. Hook, A. Paterson and C. Souter, eds. p 61. Canberra: Australian Archaeological Association.

Blau, S. 2004 Forensic archaeology in Australia: Current situations, future possibilities. Australian Archaeology 58:11-14.

Smith, P.A. 2001 Station camps: Identifying the archaeological evidence for continuity and change in post-contact Aboriginal sites in the south Kimberley, Western Australia. Australian Archaeology 53:23–31.

Smith, P.A. 2000 Station Camps: Legislation, labour relations and rations on pastoral leases in the Kimberley Region, Western Australia. Aboriginal History, 24:75-97.

Smith, P.A. 2000 Into the Kimberley: The invasion of Sturt Creek basin (Kimberley Region, Western Australia) and evidence of Aboriginal resistance. Aboriginal History, 24:62-74.

Smith P.A. and Smith R.M. 1999 Diets in Transition: Hunter-gatherer to Station Diet and Station Diet to the Self-select Store Diet. Human Ecology, 27(1):117-134.

Completed Theses:

Natasha Paling 2005 An Assessment of Climate and Decomposition and their Effects on Techniques used to Locate Graves. Bachelor of Archaeology Honours. Department of Archaeology, Flinders University.

Smith, P.A. 2000 Station Camps: The Ethnoarchaeoloogy of Cultural Change and Continuity in the Post-Contact Period in the South-East Kimberley, Western Australia. PhD. Department of Archaeology, Flinders University.