The study of ancient civilisations examines the development of cities and urban living worldwide. The emergence of social complexity and urbanisation led to a suite of changes in human societies and was closely connected to a range of cultural and environmental processes. One change was the domestication of a range of plant and animal species, which emerged independently in different parts of the world from ca 11,000 – 5000 years ago.

Complex, urbanised societies developed in many parts of the world including:

Mesopotamia/Tigris-Euphrates River System (Iraq, Syria, Kuwait, Turkey, Iran)
Levant: Eastern Mediterranean/Southwest Asia (Palestine, Jordan, Israel, Lebanon, Syria)
Yangtze and Yellow River Basins (China)
The Indus Valley (India, Afghanistan, Pakistan)
Mesoamerica (Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras)
South America (Chile, Peru, Ecuador)
Eastern United States
Sub-Saharan Africa (Ethiopia, Sudan, Nigeria, Ghana, Mali)
Southeast Asia (Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam)

Dedicated topics related to the study of Ancient Civilisations include:

ARCH1002: From the Palaeolithic to Pompeii: An Exploration of World Archaeology
ARCH1006: Sex, Death and Ritual in the Ancient World
ARCH2214: Europe Before Europe: From Mesolithic to Medieval
ARCH2216: Seafaring in the Ancient World
ARCH3109: Environmental Archaeology
ARCH3204: Archaeology of Native North America

For more information about studying Ancient civilisations at Flinders please contact Professor Donald Pate Dr Martin Polkinghorne or Dr Ania Kotarba-Morley.