Archaeology at Flinders University covers a wide range of places and time periods, including:
- Ancient civilisations, which studies the traditional civilisations of the Ancient World, such as Greece, Rome and Egypt.
- Cultural heritage management, which is the application of archaeological methods and processes to the documentation, preservation, development and management of heritage sites and objects.
- Historical archaeology, which studies the relatively recent past since the expansion of European nations into many parts of the New World. Australia has a dynamic and multicultural past formed by over two centuries of settlement by British, Chinese, Japanese, Afghan, Russian, Polish and other groups of people.
- Human evolution, which studies and examins the behavioural data derived from the study of ancient hominid fossils and associated material culture. The fossils of human ancestors dating back to 7 million years ago (e.g. Sahelanthropus tchadensis) and environmental data relating to their habitats and living conditions provide information about behavioural variability among our ancestors in Africa.
- Indigenous archaeology, which studies the past of Aboriginal Australians, as well as of other First Nations people. Australia has an ancient archaeological record extending back over 50,000 years and includes some of the most spectacular and important archaeological sites in the world.
- Maritime and underwater archaeology, which studies the archaeology of maritime trade and industry and includes both land-based and underwater sites, such as jetties, ports and shipwrecks. The study of ships, shipping, and the construction and operation of all types of prehistoric and historic watercraft is a central aspect of maritime archaeology.