Position

Research Fellow
School of Psychology

Qualifications

BPsych (Hons), PhD

Honours, awards and grants

  • Vice-Chancellor's Award for Early Career Researchers
  • Frank Dalziel Prize for Best PhD, School of Psychology
  • Vice-Chancellor's Early Career Postdoctoral Research Fellowship
  • Trevor Prescott Memorial Scholarship
  • University of Adelaide Medal
  • Australian Psychological Society Prize in Honours Psychology
  • Max and Bette Mendelson Foundation Scholarship

Research expertise

  • Psychology

Research interests

My area of research is within the field of cognitive neuropsychiatry, which applies the knowledge base of cognitive psychology to the study of psychiatric symptoms, such as delusional beliefs. My research has focussed on the role that cognitive biases (i.e., problematic thinking styles) play in the development and maintenance of delusions, both in individuals with schizophrenia and in those identified as "delusion-prone" (i.e., people with mild delusional beliefs or tendencies).

Currently, I am investigating the efficacy of a novel psychotherapy designed specifically for people with schizophrenia entitled "metacognitive training" (MCT). The MCT approach targets the cognitive biases that contribute to delusion formation and maintenance, and, in turn, aims to alleviate the severity of delusions in people with schizophrenia, whilst also improving level of insight and satisfaction with life. I am also investigating the efficacy of cognitive remediation treatments, designed to improve the cognitive functioning of people with schizophrenia. This postdoctoral research is being funded by Vice-Chancellor's Early Career Postdoctoral Research Fellowship, the School of Psychology and Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences (Flinders University), and the Trevor Prescott Memorial Scholarship.

Supervisory interests

  • Cognitive biases
  • Cognitive neuropsychiatry
  • Delusions
  • Schizophrenia

Publications

  • Chen, J., Crome, E., Cox, S.L., Byrow, Y., Kanai, Y., Johnstone, K., et al. (2016). Broadening the research areas on social anxiety disorder. In R. G. Menzies, M. Kyrios, & N. Kazantzis, ed. Innovations and Future Directions in the Behavioural and Cognitive Therapies. Samford Valley, Queensland: Australian Academic Press, pp. 234-238.
  • Balzan, R., Woodward, T., Menon, M. and Moritz, S. (2015). Non-pharmacological treatment targeting cognitive biases underlying delusions in schizophrenia: Metacognitive training and therapy. In Niall D. Galbraith, ed. Aberrant Beliefs and Reasoning. Hove, UK: Psychology Press Ltd, pp. 154-170.
  • Woodward, T., Balzan, R., Menon, M. and Moritz, S. (2014). Metacognitive training and therapy: An individualized and group interventiion for psychosis. In Paul H. Lysaker, Giancarlo Dimmaggio, Martin Brune, ed. Social Cognition and Metacognition in Schizophrenia: Psychopathology and Treatment. Oxford, UK: Academic Press Inc, pp. 179-195.
  • Balzan, R.P. (2016). Metacognitive Therapy (MCT+) for psychosis. 8th Word Congress of Behavioural and Cognitive Therapies. Melbourne, Australia. Jun 2016.
  • Balzan, R.P. (2016). Psychological treatments for psychosis. Cognitive Neuropsychology and Cognitive Neuropsychiatry Research Forum. Sydney, Australia. Jul 2016.
  • Balzan, R.P. (2015). Cogitive biases and delusions: From metacognitive training to beads, boxes, and BADE (and back again) Cognitive Neuropsychology and Cognitive Neuropsychiatry Research Forum. Sydney, Australia. Nov 2016.
  • Balzan, R.P. (2015). Metacognitive Therapy (MCT+) for psychosis. 2015 Australasian Schizophrenia Conference. Melbourne, Australia. Apr 2016.
  • Balzan, R.P. (2013). Maximising the effectiveness of psychological treatments for schizophrenia: Metacognitive Therapy (MCT+) Australian Association for Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (AACBT) 36th National Conference.
  • Balzan, R.P. (2013). Metacognitive Training (MCT) for Patients with Schizophrenia: Preliminary Evidence for a Targeted Module Program. 4th European Conference on Schizophrenia Research (Berlin, Germany)
  • Balzan, R.P., Delfabbro, P., Galletly, C.A. and Woodward, T. (2011). Metacognitive Training (MCT) for Patients with Schizophrenia: Preliminary Evidence for a Targeted Module Program. Australasian Society for Psychiatric Research (ASPR) Annual Conference: Dunedin, New Zealand.
  • Balzan, R.P., Delfabbro, P. and Galletly, C. (2011). How Hypothesis-Confirming and Hypothesis-Disconfirming Information is Treated Across the Psychosis Continuum. Cognitive Neuroscience Society 18th Annual Meeting: San Francisco, USA.
  • Balzan, R.P., Delfabbro, P.H., Galletly, C.A. and Woodwarda, T.S. (2011). Metacognitive Training (MCT) for Patients with Schizophrenia. Cognitive Neuropsychology and Cognitive Neuropsychiatry Research Forum. Sydney, Australia. Aug 2011.
  • Balzan, R.P., Delfabbro, P.H. and Galletly, C.A. (2010). How Hypothesis-Confirming and Hypothesis-Disconfirming Information is Treated Across the Psychosis Continuum. 11th Biennial Australasian Schizophrenia Conference. Sydney, Australia. Sep 2010.
  • Balzan, R.P., Galletly, C.A. and Delfabbro, P. (2009). Delusion-proneness or non-comprehension? A re-examination of the jumping to conclusions bias. Australasian Society for Psychiatric Research (ASPR) Annual Conference: Canberra, Australia.
  • Balzan, R.P., Delfabbro, P. and Galletly, C.A. (2009). Jumping to conclusions or non-comprehension? A re-examination of the 'beads task' American Psychiatric Association (APA) Annual Meeting: San Francisco, USA.
  • Balzan, R.P. and Moritz, S. (2017). Introduction to the special issue on cognition and delusions: What do we know, what do we guess, and what do we perhaps falsely believe? Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 56 pp. 1-3.
    [10.1016/j.jbtep.2017.01.005] [Scopus]
  • Moritz, S., Woodward, T.S. and Balzan, R.P. (2016). Is metacognitive training effective? Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics, 16(2) pp. 105-107.
    [10.1586/14737175.2016.1135737]
  • Balzan, R.P. (2016). Re: Can Cognitive Remediation Improve Subsequent Response to Low-Intensity Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Psychosis in People With Schizophrenia? Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 51(2) pp. 190-191.
    [10.1177/0004867416676367] [Scopus]
  • Balzan, R.P. (2016). Re: Can Cognitive Remediation improve subsequent response to low-intensity Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Psychosis in people with schizophrenia? Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry,
    [10.1177/0004867416676367] [10.1177/0004867416676367] [Scopus]
  • Balzan, R.P. (2016). Emerging psychological treatments for psychosis: from cognitive remediation to metacognitive therapy. AACBT Masterclass.
  • Mclean, B.F., Mattiske, J.K. and Balzan, R.P. (2017). Association of the jumping to conclusions and evidence integration biases with delusions in psychosis: A detailed meta-analysis." SCHIZOPHRENIA BULLETIN, 43(2) pp. 344-354.
    [10.1093/schbul/sbw056]
  • Johnstone, K.M., Chen, J. and Balzan, R.P. (2017). An investigation into the jumping-to-conclusions bias in social anxiety. Consciousness and Cognition, 48 pp. 55-65.
    [10.1016/j.concog.2016.10.012] [10.1016/j.concog.2016.10.012]
  • Moritz, S., Göritz, A., Balzan, R.P., Kulagin, S., Gaweda, L. and Andreou, C. (2017). A new paradigm to measure probabilistic reasoning and a possible answer to the question why psychosis-prone individuals jump to conclusions. Journal of Abnormal Psychology,
    [10.1037/abn0000262]
  • Balzan, R.P., Woodward, T.S., Delfabbro, P.H. and Moritz, S. (2016). Over-confidence across the psychosis continuum: A calibration approach. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 21(6) pp. 510-524.
    [10.1080/13546805.2016.1240072] [Scopus]
  • Gaweda, L., Staszkiewicz, M. and Balzan, R.P. (2016). The relationship between cognitive biases and psychological dimensions of delusions: The importance of jumping to conclusions. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 56 pp. 51-56.
    [10.1016/j.jbtep.2016.08.003] [Scopus]
  • Menon, M., Balzan, R.P., Harper-Romeo, K., Kumar, D., Anderson, D., Moritz, S., et al. (2016). Psychosocial approaches in the treatment of psychosis: Cognitive behaviour therapy for psychosis (CBTp) and metacognitive training (MCT) Clinical Schizophrenia & Related Psychoses,
    [10.3371/CSRP.MEBA.022015]
  • Moritz, S., Balzan, R.P., Bohn, F., Veckenstedt, R., Kolbeck, K., Bierbrodt, J., et al. (2016). Subjective versus objective cognition: Evidence for poor metacognitive monitoring in psychosis. SCHIZOPHRENIA RESEARCH, 178 pp. 74-79.
    [10.1016/j.schres.2016.08.021] [10.1016/j.schres.2016.08.021]
  • Moritz, S., Pfuhl, G., Lüdtke, T., Menon, M., Balzan, R.P. and Andreou, C. (2016). A two stage account of the positive symptoms of psychosis: Highlighting the role of lowered decision thresholds. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry,
    [10.1016/j.jbtep.2016.07.004]
  • Balzan, R.P., Ephraums, R., Delfabbro, P.H. and Andreou, C. (2016). Beads vs. Box Task and the specificity of the Jumping-to-Conclusions bias. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry,
    [10.1016/j.jbtep.2016.07.017]
  • Balzan, R.P. (2016). Overconfidence in psychosis: The foundation of delusional conviction? Cogent Psychology, 3(1135855)
    [10.1080/23311908.2015.1135855]
  • Balzan, R.P. (2016). Overconfidence in psychosis: The foundation of delusional conviction? Cogent Psychology, 3(1) pp. Art: 1135855.
    [10.1080/23311908.2015.1135855] [Scopus]
  • Moritz, S., Werner, D., Menon, M., Balzan, R.P. and Woodward, T.S. (2016). Jumping to negative conclusions – a case of study-gathering bias? Psychological Medicine, 46(1) pp. 59-61.
    [10.1017/S0033291715002068] [Scopus]
  • Weinberg, D., Lenroot, R., Jacomb, I., Allen, K., Bruggemann, J., Wells, R., et al. (2016). Cognitive subtypes in schizophrenia marked by differential brain volumetric reductions as potential indicators of cognitive decline. JAMA Psychiatry, 73(12) pp. 1251-1259.
    [10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2016.2925]
  • Moritz, S., Woodwarda, T.S. and Balzan, R.P. (2016). Is metacognitive training for psychosis effective? Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics, 16(2) pp. 105-107.
    [10.1586/14737175.2016.1135737] [10.1586/14737175.2016.1135737] [Scopus]
  • Andreou, C., Schneider, B., Balzan, R.P., Luedecke, D., Roesch-Ely, D. and Moritz, S. (2015). Neurocognitive deficits are relevant for the jumping-to-conclusions bias, but not for delusions: A longitudinal study. Schizophrenia Research: Cognition, 2 pp. 8-11.
    [Scopus]
  • Balzan, R.P. and Galletly, C.A. (2015). Metacognitive Therapy (MCT+) in patients with psychosis not receiving antipsychotic medication: A case study. Frontiers in Psychology, 6
    [Web Link]
  • Lam, K., Ho, C., Wa, J., Chan, S., Yam, K., Yeung, O., et al. (2015). Metacognitive training (MCT) for schizophrenia improves cognitive insight: A randomized controlled trial in a Chinese sample with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 64 pp. 38-42.
    [10.1016/j.brat.2014.11.008] [Scopus]
  • Moritz, S., Mayer-Stassfurth, H., Endlich, L., Andreou, C., Ramdani, N., Petermann, F., et al. (2015). The benefits of doubt: cognitive bias correction training reduces hasty decision-making in schizophrenia. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 39 pp. 627-635.
    [10.1007/s10608-015-9690-8] [Scopus]
  • Weickert, T.W., Weinberg, D., Lenroot, R., Catts, S.V., Wells, R., Vercammen, A., et al. (2015). Adjunctive raloxifene treatment improves attention and memory in men and women with schizophrenia. MOLECULAR PSYCHIATRY, 20(6) pp. 685-694.
    [10.1038/mp.2015.11] [Scopus]
  • Balzan, R.P., Delfabbro, P., Galletly, C. and Woodward, T. (2014). Metacognitive training for patients with schizophrenia: Preliminary evidence for a targeted, single-module programme. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 48(12) pp. 1126-1136.
    [10.1177/0004867413508451] [Scopus]
  • Moritz, S., Andreou, C., Schneider, B., Wittekind, C., Menon, M., Balzan, R.P., et al. (2014). Sowing the seeds of doubt: A narrative review on metacognitive training in schizophrenia. Clinical Psychology Review, 34 pp. 358-366.
    [10.1016/j.cpr.2014.04.004] [Scopus]
  • Balzan, R.P., Neaves, A., Denson, L., Liu, D. and Galletly, C. (2014). Cognitive deficit awareness in schizophrenia: absent, intact, or somewhere in-between? Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 19(6) pp. 471-484.
    [10.1080/13546805.2014.909311] [Scopus]
  • Sandford, N., Veckenstedt, R., Moritz, S., Balzan, R. and Woodward, T. (2014). Impaired integration of disambiguating evidence in delusional schizophrenia patients. Psychological Medicine, 44 pp. 2729-2738.
    [10.1017/S0033291714000397] [Scopus]
  • Balzan, R.P., Delfabbro, P., Galletly, C. and Woodward, T. (2013). Confirmation biases across the psychosis continuum: The contribution of hypersalient evidence-hypothesis matches. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 52(1) pp. 53-69.
    [10.1111/bjc.12000] [Scopus]
  • Balzan, R.P., Delfabbro, P., Galletly, C. and Woodward, T. (2013). Illusory correlations and control across the psychosis continuum: The contribution of hypersalient evidence-hypothesis matches. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 201(4) pp. 319-327.
    [10.1097/NMD.0b013e318288e229] [Scopus]
  • Balzan, R., Delfabbro, P. and Galletly, C.A. (2012). Delusion-proneness or miscomprehension? A re-examination of the jumping-to-conclusions bias. Australian Journal of Psychology, 64(2) pp. 100-107.
    [10.1111/j.1742-9536.2011.00032.x] [Scopus]
  • Balzan, R.P., Delfabbro, P., Galletly, C.A. and Woodward, T. (2012). Over-adjustment or miscomprehension? A re-examination of the jumping to conclusions bias. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 46 pp. 532-540.
    [10.1177/0004867411435291] [Scopus]
  • Balzan, R.P., Delfabbro, P., Galletly, C.A. and Woodward, T. (2012). Reasoning heuristics across the psychosis continuum: The contribution of hypersalient evidence-hypothesis matches. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 17(5) pp. 431-450.
    [10.1080/13546805.2012.663901] [Scopus]
  • Johnstone, K.M., Chen, J. and Balzan, R.P. (2017). An investigation into the jumping-to-conclusions bias in social anxiety. Consciousness and Cognition, 48 pp. 55-65.
    [10.1016/j.concog.2016.10.012] [10.1016/j.concog.2016.10.012]
  • Mclean, B.F., Mattiske, J.K. and Balzan, R.P. (2017). Association of the jumping to conclusions and evidence integration biases with delusions in psychosis: A detailed meta-analysis." SCHIZOPHRENIA BULLETIN, 43(2) pp. 344-354.
    [10.1093/schbul/sbw056]
  • Moritz, S., Göritz, A., Balzan, R.P., Kulagin, S., Gaweda, L. and Andreou, C. (2017). A new paradigm to measure probabilistic reasoning and a possible answer to the question why psychosis-prone individuals jump to conclusions. Journal of Abnormal Psychology,
    [10.1037/abn0000262]
  • Balzan, R.P. (2016). Overconfidence in psychosis: The foundation of delusional conviction? Cogent Psychology, 3(1) pp. Art: 1135855.
    [10.1080/23311908.2015.1135855] [Scopus]
  • Balzan, R.P., Woodward, T.S., Delfabbro, P.H. and Moritz, S. (2016). Over-confidence across the psychosis continuum: A calibration approach. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 21(6) pp. 510-524.
    [10.1080/13546805.2016.1240072] [Scopus]
  • Moritz, S., Werner, D., Menon, M., Balzan, R.P. and Woodward, T.S. (2016). Jumping to negative conclusions – a case of study-gathering bias? Psychological Medicine, 46(1) pp. 59-61.
    [10.1017/S0033291715002068] [Scopus]
  • Gaweda, L., Staszkiewicz, M. and Balzan, R.P. (2016). The relationship between cognitive biases and psychological dimensions of delusions: The importance of jumping to conclusions. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 56 pp. 51-56.
    [10.1016/j.jbtep.2016.08.003] [Scopus]
  • Moritz, S., Balzan, R.P., Bohn, F., Veckenstedt, R., Kolbeck, K., Bierbrodt, J., et al. (2016). Subjective versus objective cognition: Evidence for poor metacognitive monitoring in psychosis. SCHIZOPHRENIA RESEARCH, 178 pp. 74-79.
    [10.1016/j.schres.2016.08.021] [10.1016/j.schres.2016.08.021]
  • Balzan, R.P., Delfabbro, P., Galletly, C.A. and Woodward, T. (2012). Over-adjustment or miscomprehension? A re-examination of the jumping to conclusions bias. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 46 pp. 532-540.
    [10.1177/0004867411435291] [Scopus]
  • Balzan, R.P., Delfabbro, P., Galletly, C.A. and Woodward, T. (2012). Reasoning heuristics across the psychosis continuum: The contribution of hypersalient evidence-hypothesis matches. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 17(5) pp. 431-450.
    [10.1080/13546805.2012.663901] [Scopus]

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