In collective marking, there is no individualization of the mark so every member of the group gets the same mark:

  • for the product
    Shared group mark

The group prepares one product. This is then assessed, either by the lecturer/tutor or by peer-assessment. All group members receive the same mark, regardless of individual contribution.

Group average mark

The product is divided into components (e.g. chapters of a report, roles in the production of a play, speakers in a debate) and each member of the group is responsible for one component. Each component is marked individually. The group members each then receive an average of these marks.
For example, student 1 prepares chapter 1 and chapter 1 receives 68%; student 2 prepares chapter 2 and chapter 2 receives 84%; student 3 prepares chapter 3 and chapter 3 receives 76%. The average of these marks is 76%. Therefore, students 1, 2 and 3 all receive 76% for the product.

  • for the process

In this case, the group as a whole is assessed on how well it functioned as a group. Every member of the group then receives the same mark for the group process.

Example: Team Effectiveness Questionnaire
How effectively has your team set goals?
What goal(s) did the team set?
How effectively has your team communicated?
How effectively has your team set and followed a plan for completing this assignment?
How effectively did your team decide roles for completing this assignment?
How effectively has your team balanced the workload for completing this assignment?
How many of you participated actively most of the time?
How many of you were fully prepared most of the time?