In this case, an observer, e.g. the lecturer or tutor, monitors the group and observes the contributions that each member is making. In some cases, the observer will be present at all group meetings, especially if they are scheduled in class time, and will base their mark on those observations. However, this is frequently not possible as groups will meet at times and in locations that suit them. There are other methods available for observing a group from a distance:

  • Monitoring FLO discussion boards
  • Reading the records of meetings
  • Reading student journals, blogs, etc
  • Viewing the history of edits if the product is developed using a Wiki
  • Conducting individual or group interviews during and after the process (similar to a viva)

The observer can:

  • award an individual mark for each student for their contribution to the group (i.e. component marking)
  • adjust the group product mark up or down for each member of the group accordingly (e.g. the product receives 80%, a student who is found to have contributed less to the group receives 70% while a student who has contributed a lot to the group receives 90%)