|Resilient humanitarianism: the League of Red Cross Societies, 1919-1991
||This project aims to advance the concept of resilient humanitarianism through a historical investigation of one humanitarian body, the League of Red Cross Societies, from its inception to the end of the Cold War. Global humanitarian crises abound due to ongoing conflict and natural disasters but nation states, bodies such as the United Nations and humanitarian organisations seem incapable of offering lasting solutions to intractable situations. This project will use rarely accessed archives and an interdisciplinary approach to investigate the evolution of humanitarianism, voluntary action and global civil society during the 20th century. This historical analysis can inform humanitarian policy, debates and practice of the present and future.
||Professor Melanie Oppenheimer
|Investigating the impacts and future of land rights and land restitution
||This project aims to develop new understandings of the effects of land rights on Aboriginal communities and the nation. The era of gaining rights has, for many, transitioned into a time of restitution and seeking economic and cultural futures for younger generations. It remains to be seen what these futures will be, how they will align with or challenge national interests, and what hopes younger Aboriginal people have for country. This project aims to uncover future aspirations, engaging with Yanyuwa claimants, the first group to lodge a land claim under the Aboriginal Land Rights (NT) Act 1976, and land rights professionals. The project aims to reveal intercultural understandings of land rights and the future for Australian lands and waters.
||Professor Amanda Kearney
|Ochre archaeomicrobiology: a new tool for understanding Aboriginal exchange
||This project aims to identify the origins and movements of Australian archaeological ochre through the development of a novel tool combining genomic and chemical analysis. The geographic distribution of Australian ochre is closely linked to Aboriginal creation stories, while its physical distribution by people is evidence of cultural cooperation. Using this new archaeomicrobiological technique, the project aims to answer significant questions about past human behaviour, in terms of trade, cultural interactions, territoriality and colonisation. The method also has the potential to benefit traditional owners by contributing to repatriation projects. The collaborative detailed recording, sampling and analysis of ochre sources on traditional lands will also assist Aboriginal communities to manage this important aspect of their cultural heritage.
||Associate Professor Rachel Popelka-Filcoff; Associate Professor Amy Roberts; Professor Claire Lenehan; Professor Claire Smith
|How archaeology can transform living in space
||This project aims to investigate human engagement with material culture in the extreme environment of space by applying archaeological methods to the habitation design of the International Space Station. The project will use NASA data to record astronaut interactions with objects and spaces over time. It is expectes that the project will remedy deficiencies in previous psychological and engineering design research by taking a deep-time perspective on how a culture develops in a microgravity environment. The results are intended to identify how humans adapt to space technology and can be applied in the future design of long duration space missions to maximise both survival and efficiency.
||Dr Alice Gorman
|Early human dispersal: identifying the key environmental drivers
||This project aims to investigate if environmental or human evolutionary processes drove the dispersal of early humans eastwards from Africa into Southeast Asia and beyond into Australia. The project will examine archaeological sediments using an Earth-science approach, providing direct links between cultural and environmental records. The project will reveal the types of environment that were favored by early humans and provide a greater understanding of the role of environmental change on the colonisation of new environments.
||Dr Michael Morley
|Indigenous foodways in colonial Cape York Peninsula
||This project aims to trace historical Indigenous foodways in colonial Cape York Peninsula, Queensland, through a program of collaborative community-based archaeological and anthropological research. Food was a key medium for cultural exchanges between Indigenous peoples and settler-colonists. The analysis of foodways is known to provide unparalleled insights on daily life, as well as the development of both cultural values and social relationships. This has received limited attention in archaeological investigations in Australia. Results will provide greater insight into the history behind our current society.
||Dr Mick Morrison
|Interrogating the Riverland's colonial frontier
||This project aims to deliver the first comprehensive study of the colonial frontier in South Australia's Riverland, a region that was the scene of nationally significant colonial endeavours coupled with violence towards Aboriginal people. While previous studies have focused on discrete events from the historical record, this project will to use a multi-layered strategy to explore this past and present. By coalescing archaeological, anthropological and oral history evidencethis project expects to generate meaningful narratives for and with Aboriginal descendants. These insights should substantially contribute to understandings about the colonial frontier in Australia and globally.
||Associate Professor Amy Roberts
|Monarchy, democracy and empire: German imperial policy before 1914
||This project aims to improve knowledge of the history of constitutional monarchy as a political form outside of Britain. It asks who drove Germany's global imperialist foreign policy prior to World War One and how they did so. By studying the contest for power between the German monarch and other arms of the state and society, the project will establish the effects of political change on the German Empire. Laying bare the tension between the royal prerogative and the constitutional state prior to 1914, this project explains how the struggle between the principles of monarchy and democracy was reflected in the history of Europe's imperial rivalries.
||Associate Professor Matthew Fitzpatrick
|Managing migrants and border control in Britain and Australia, 1901-1981.
||This project aims to historicise the creation and control of 'suspect' migrant communities and the restrictions on the further immigration of members of these groups by the British and Australian authorities from 1900-81. The project aims to scrutinise the creation of 'suspect communities' and the policies of surveillance, community control and restricted entry. The expected outcome is to show that such policies and practices did not prevent Britain and Australia from becoming multicultural societies by the 1970s. This will provide a greater understanding of how Britain and Australia's border control systems have evolved since 1900 and how past historical policies relate to contemporary practices.
||Associate Professor Andrekos Varnava
|Decolonising the archives of Aboriginal domestic history
||This project aims to investigate an undocumented history of Aboriginal domestic service in South Australia. It will create new knowledge about historical assimilation-based policies, particularly those that targeted girls for removal from their families, and that enabled indentured domestic labour. This work will improve understandings of local, national and international colonial histories.
||Dr Natalie Harkin
|The deep history of Sea Country: Climate, sea level and culture
||This project aims to investigate the records of the now-submerged Pilbara coast (50,000 to 7000 years ago). Nearly a third of Australia's landmass was drowned after the last ice age, and sea-level change displaced generations of people. Submerged landscape archaeology will help reveal past sea-level rise, population resilience, mobility and diet. The project integrates cultural and environmental studies and material analysis, and adapts a method from the world's only confirmed submarine middens. It will use marine and aerial survey techniques to investigate physical and cultural submerged landscapes. This project expects to influence heritage and environmental management and the marine heritage sector.
||Dr Jonathan Benjamin
|Beyond Empire: Transnational religious networks and liberal cosmopolitanisms
||This project aims to study religion as a dimension of international affairs between 1860 and 1950. It will examine the contribution of faith-based activity, networking and thought to global governance and peace building institutionalised in the United Nations, universal human rights and humanitarianism that shaped the second half of the twentieth century. The project will explore the emergence of these faith-based cosmopolitanisms at the interstices of multi-faith, multi-cultural and multi-racial webs of connection and their significance for Australian, regional and global history. This could show how secular and inter-faith activisms can produce cosmopolitan visions of practical co-existence.
||Associate Professor Jane Haggis
|Rock art as a proxy for environmental change
||The project aims to identify fauna in rock art in the Warddeken Indigenous Protected Area, NT, an area with no Pleistocene palaeontological fauna record. Rock art in Arnhem Land preserves information about past fauna species unavailable archaeologically beyond the Late Holocene. This repertoire has been vastly under-exploited as a source of data about changing human-animal relationships past and present. The research will augment zoological methods with insights from Aboriginal people. Securely identifying and dating fauna species in rock art is expected to enhance understanding past human-animal relationships. Potential benefits include enhancing international significance of Australia's rock art and informing debates on megafauna extinctions, climate, and environmental change in Australia.
||Dr Daryl Wesley
|The Archaeology of the Queensland Native Mounted Police
||This project plans to conduct a systematic archaeological study of the Queensland Native Mounted Police. While previous studies have focused on policing activities as revealed by the historical record, this project will combine material, oral and historical evidence from a range of sites across central and northern Queensland to understand more fully the activities, lives and legacies of the Native Police. This project aims to provide an alternative lens through which to understand the nature of frontier conflict, initiate new understandings of the Aboriginal and settler experience, and contribute to global studies of Indigenous responses to colonialism.
||Associate Professor Heather Burke
|The Drumbeat of Human Evolution: Climate Proxies from Rockshelter Sediments
||This project aims to trial new techniques for extracting environmental information from the sediments contained within archaeological rock shelters. Homo sapiens evolved during a period of dramatic climate variation, which almost certainly influenced human development and global dispersal. High-resolution climate records are rarely available for Pleistocene archaeological sites and so it is challenging to quantify the degree of behavioural response to environmental change. This project aims to apply novel geophysical and geochemical techniques to provide new climate records for Indonesia and South Africa, facilitate correlation with other climate archives and thus create a means of directly evaluating the degree of environmental influence on human behavioural evolution.
||Dr Ian Moffat
|New light on Cambodia's Dark Age (1350 - 1750)
||This project aims to conduct the first systematic archaeological investigations of Cambodian Middle Period capitals on the banks of the Mekong and Tonle Sap arterial rivers between 1350 and 1750. Whilst the decline of Angkor is one of the most significant events in the history of Southeast Asia, we do not have a precise date for the event that involved the relocation of many hundreds of thousands of people. By determining when the Kings of Angkor moved to the southern capitals we will clarify the end of Angkor, retrieve Cambodian history from a perceived Dark Age, and reveal critical linkages between the celebrated Angkorian past and modern and contemporary Cambodia.
||Dr Martin Polkinghorne
|German Mixed-Race Diasporas in the Southern Hemisphere: Science, Politics and Identity Transformation.
||This archival and oral history project advances knowledge of colonial and post-colonial identity formation in the global South. It shows how German scientific studies of race, especially among the mixed populations of the Pacific, shaped local identity politics and informed nationalist and decolonising projects. It offers a new context for understanding the nature of Australian race relations, especially our attitudes toward race mixing and assimilation in regard to our region. Moreover, this research will greatly expand our understanding of German racial thought in the twentieth century, showing how German engagement with the global South influenced Weimar, Nazi, and post-war impressions of humanity and ideas about race.
||Associate Professor Christine Winter
|The history and mechanisms of modern migration: the British case 1780-1914
||The roots of modern migration reside in fundamental agrarian changes which always occur when modern societies embark along the road to industrialisation (such as in Britain in the industrial revolution). These structural changes in the rest of the world are the generic sources of most of Australia's immigrants, past and present. This project investigates the fundamental causes of very long term migration flows which remain largely unexplained.
||Emeritus Professor Eric Richards
|Before Cook: Contact, Negotiation and the Archaeology of the Tiwi Islands
||The narrative of culture contact in Australia is dominated by British colonisation, yet Indigenous Australians in Northern Australia had a much earlier connection with global explorers and traders. We aim to conduct the first systematic maritime and terrestrial archaeological investigations of the Tiwi Islands, alongside the study of material culture, oral history and archival materials associated with early Dutch explorers, British colonists, and Macassans. This multi-disciplinary approach will broaden our understanding of long-term race relations in Australia, the past presence of foreign visitors to Northern Australia, develop cultural heritage public policy and consolidate Tiwi cultural identity and history into the historical record.
||Dr Daryl Wesley; Associate Professor Wendy Van Duivenvoorde; Emeritus Professor Michael Smith; Dr Fanny Veys; Dr Mirani Litster; Professor Peter Monteath; Associate Professor Rachel Popelka-Filcoff; Ms Kellie Pollard; Dr Widya Nayati
|Aboriginal rock art and cultural heritage management in Cape York Peninsula.
||The Laura Sandstone Basin of Cape York Peninsula hosts one of the richest bodies of rock art in Australia and the world. It documents the life-ways of generations of Aboriginal Australians from their original settlement, through major environmental changes, to European invasion. This vast area, much of which is now jointly managed as National Parks by Traditional Owners, remains virtually unexplored archaeologically. This project aims to record this unique rock art so that its testimony remains for future generations. This will provide a framework for its sustainable management and findings will have profound implications for our understandings of the cultural behaviour and dispersal of the earliest modern humans to colonise Australia.
||Dr Lynley Wallis; Associate Professor Heather Burke; Dr Jillian Huntley; Dr Jonathan Osborn; Professor Bryce Barker; Professor Maxime Aubert; Dr Daryl Wesley; Dr Tristen Jones; Professor Nigel Spooner; Dr Noelene Cole
|Tracing connection and change in deep-time landscapes.
||This project aims to develop new insights into Australia’s past by telling the story of Aboriginal people’s long-term connections and changing relationships with prominent places. Building on new discoveries in the northwest arid zone, the project will conduct archaeological research at landforms in the eastern Pilbara. The project will analyse rock art and excavated materials from key sites to learn how they acted as beacons through time to structure and shape people's movements, encounters and connections with others. This is expected to promote Indigenous connection with cultural heritage, help facilitate cultural education programs in remote areas, and offer new insights into the relationship between cultural heritage and Indigenous health and well-being.
||Dr Liam Brady