In recent years, the far right has become a resurgent force across the globe, resulting in populist parties securing electoral victories, political groups marching on the streets and acts of right-wing terrorism. As the attacks in Christchurch and the electoral gains made by One Nation have shown, Australia and New Zealand are not immune to this wave of fascism and far right politics. However this is not merely a recent phenomenon, with Australia and New Zealand both having a long history of fascist and far right groups and individuals. These groups have attempted to situate themselves within the wider settler colonial political landscape, often portraying themselves as the inheritors of a violent and exclusionary colonial past. Concurrently these groups have linked into globalised anti-communist and white supremacist networks.
At the same time, there has often been resistance to fascism and the far right in both countries, ranging from the political centre to the far left, including sections of the Labo(u)r parties, Communist and Trotskyist groups, anarchists, migrant community groups, trade unions, religious organisations and other cultural groups. In the face of a resurgent far right, those involved in anti-fascist and anti-racist activities should be aware of previous actions.