Position

Chair in Forensic DNA Technology
School of Biological Sciences

Biography

I gained my first degree in Zoology at Edinburgh University and then a D.Phil at the University of Sussex. I took up a lectureship in Forensic Science at Strathclyde University in Glasgow where I worked until February of 2010. During this time I gained my Registration as a Forensic Practitioner in the areas of body fluids, blood pattern analysis and DNA typing.
I took up the Chair in Forensic Science supported by the Ministry of Justice, South Australia, with the role of developing new technologies in the field of DNA typing.
I have published over 90 publications in international peer reviewed journals. In addition I and am co-author of the text 'An Introduction to Forensic Genetics' and editor of book 'Forensic Science in Wildlife Investigations'. I am an Associate Editor of Forensic Science International Genetics and on the editorial board of the journal Investigative Genetics.

Qualifications

BSc in Biological Sciences (Hons), University of Edinburgh, 1984
DPhil in Molecular Genetics, University of Sussex, 1988

Honours, awards and grants

Inspirational Scientist of the Year, 2005, Royal Society of Edinburgh
Fellow of the Royal Society for the Encouragement of Arts and Commerce (FRSA)
President 25th Congress of the International Society for Forensic Genetics (ISFG)
Scientific Chair of the 25th Symposium of the Australian New Zealand Forensic Science Society

Key responsibilities

Development of Forensic Science at Flinders University
Teaching: modes of delivery and integration of forensic practice to the curriculum
Research: both long term projects in forensic science and addressing issues raised in casework
Professional practice: assist in the development of standards in forensic science

Teaching interests

Integrating forensic science practice into the course curriculum

Topic Coordinator:

Topic Lecturer:

  • BIOL3701  Biology and Resoration Ecology
  • BIOL3722  Conservation and Ecological Genetics
  • BIOL7731  Evidence Evaluation
  • FACH1701  Introduction to Forensic Science

Research interests

I was appointed as the inaugural South Australia Justice Chair in Forensic Science with the remit of developing new technologies in DNA typing. My research can be summed up as getting more from less at a crime scene. In particular I am interested in developing more sensitive methods of human DNA typing and also understanding more about the transfer of biological material at crime scenes. My other area of research is in the use of non-human DNA to assist with forensic science investigations and in particular in wildlife forensic science.

Supervisory interests

  • Forensic DNA
  • Forensic investigations
  • Forensic science

RHD research supervision

Current

Principal supervisor : forensic DNA typing of, hairs, fibres and nails; microsatellites (1) ; Forensic genetics; pythons; snake DNA typing; mitochondrial DNA; microsatellites (1) ; Forensic genetics; latent DNA; dyes; microsatellites (1) ; forensic genetics; microsatellites, touch DNA; fingermarks (1) ;

Associate supervisor : body fluids; blood; semen; saliva; mass spectroscopy (1) ;

Completion

Principal supervisor : forensic genetics; forensic wildlife; bird species; mitochondrial DNA; cytochrome b (1) ; forensic genetics; microsatellites, X chromosome, Disaster Victim Identification (1) ; Forensic genetics; soils; arbitrary primed PCR; 16S rRNA; 18S rRNA (1) ; Forensic genetics; forensic wildlife; mitochondrial DNA, Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (1) ;

Associate supervisor : Contactless Conductivity Detection System for Microfluidic Devices (1) ;

RHD Student Achievements

  • Sherryn Ciavalglia
    Best Talk at the ANZFSS Symposium 2012 - September 2012
  • Alicia Haines
    International Society for Forensic Genetics: Best Poster - September 2015

Publications

  • Menotti-Raymond, M.A., David, V.A., O'Brien, S.J., Kanthaswamy, S., Projic, P., Skaro, V., et al. (2014). Forensic Animal DNA Analysis. In Dragan Primorac & Moses Schanfield, ed. Forensic DNA Applications: An Interdisciplinary Perspective. Boca Raton, Florida, United States of America: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis, pp. 317-352.
  • Linacre, A.M.T. (2009). Nature of Wildlife Crimes, Their Investigations and Scientific Processes. In Adrian Linacre, ed. Forensic Science in Wildlife Investigations. 1st ed. Boca Raton, USA: CRC Press, pp. 1-10.
  • Linacre, A.M.T. and Tobe, S.S. (2009). Species identification using DNA loci. In Adrian Linacre, ed. Forensic Science in Wildlife Investigations. 1st ed. Boca Raton, USA: CRC Press, pp. 61-94.
    [10.1201/9780849304118.ch4]
  • Wain, A. and Linacre, A.M. (2009). Bloodstain pattern analysis. In J Fraser & R Williams, ed. Handbook of Forensic Science. Uffculme, UK: Willan Publishing, pp. 229-253.
    [Web Link]
  • Linacre, A. and Tobe, S.S. (2013). Wildlife DNA Analysis: Applications in Forensic Science. Chichester, UK: Wiley Blackwell.
    [10.1002/9781118496411] [Scopus] [Web Link]
  • Goodwin, W., Linacre, A.M.T. and Hadi, S. (2011). An Introduction to Forensic Genetics. Chichester, UK: Wiley Blackwell.
    [Web Link]
  • Ciavaglia, S.A., Henry, J.M. and Linacre, A.M. (2013). Profiling pythons to combat common illegal wildlife activities. In A Linacre & N Morling, ed. Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier. 25th Congress of the International Society for Forensic Genetics. Melbourne, VIC. Sep 2013, pp. e31-e32.
    [10.1016/j.fsigss.2013.10.015] [Scopus]
  • Diegoli, T.M., Linacre, A.M. and Coble, M.D. (2013). A gonosomal marker multiplex to aid in mixture interpretation. In A Linacre & N Morling, ed. Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier. 25th Congress of the International Society for Forensic Genetics. Melbourne, VIC. Sep 2013, pp. e184-e185.
    [10.1016/j.fsigss.2013.10.095] [Scopus]
  • Diegoli, T.M., Linacre, A.M. and Coble, M.D. (2013). Developmental validation of 15 X chromosomal short tandem repeat markers. In A Linacre & N Morling, ed. Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier. 25th Congress of the International Society for Forensic Genetics. Melbourne, VIC. Sep 2013, pp. e142-e143.
    [10.1016/j.fsigss.2013.10.074] [Scopus]
  • Haines, A.M., Tobe, S.S., Kobus, H. and Linacre, A. (2013). Detection of DNA within fingermarks. In A Linacre & N Morling, ed. Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier. 25th World Congress of the International Society for Forensic Genetics. Melbourne, VIC. Sep 2013, pp. e290-e291.
    [10.1016/j.fsigss.2013.10.148] [Scopus]
  • Hasap, L., Thanakiatkrai, P., Singkhamanan, K., Linacre, A.M. and Kitpipit, T. (2013). Multiplex-direct PCR assay for foodborne pathogen identification: An application in forensic investigation. In A Linacre & N Morling, ed. Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier. 25th Congress of the International Society for Forensic Genetics. Melbourne, VIC. Sep 2013, pp. e103-e104.
    [10.1016/j.fsigss.2013.10.053] [Scopus]
  • Templeton, J.E., Ottens, R.C., Paradiso, V., Handt, O., Taylor, D.A. and Linacre, A.M. (2013). Genetic profiling from challenging samples: Direct PCR of touch DNA. In A Linacre & N Morling, ed. Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series. Amsterdam, Netherladns: Elsevier. 25th Congress of the International Society for Forensic Genetics. Melbourne, VIC. Sep 2013, pp. e224-e225.
    [10.1016/j.fsigss.2013.10.115] [Scopus]
  • Khodakova, A., Burgoyne, L.A., Abarno, D. and Linacre, A.M. (2013). Forensic analysis of soils using single arbitrarily primed amplification and high throughput sequencing. In A Linacre & N Morling, ed. Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier. 25th Congress of the International Society for Forensic Genetics. Melbourne, VIC. Sep 2013, pp. e39-e40.
    [10.1016/j.fsigss.2013.10.019] [Scopus]
  • Kitpipit, T., Thanakiatkrai, P., Linacre, A.M., Lapwong, Y. and Chotigeat, W. (2013). Low-cost direct PCR for aged and processed wildlife sample analysis. In A Linacre & N Morling, ed. Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier. 25th Congress of the International Society for Forensic Genetics. Melbourne, VIC. Sep 2013, pp. e71-e72.
    [10.1016/j.fsigss.2013.10.036] [Scopus]
  • Ottens, R.C., Taylor, D.A., Abarno, D. and Linacre, A.M. (2013). Optimising direct PCR from anagen hair samples. In A Linacre & N Morling, ed. Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier. 25th Congress of the International Society for Forensic Genetics. Melbourne, VIC. Sep 2013, pp. e109-e110.
    [10.1016/j.fsigss.2013.10.056] [Scopus]
  • Ottens, R.C., Templeton, J.E., Paradiso, V., Taylor, D.A., Abarno, D. and Linacre, A.M. (2013). Application of direct PCR in forensic casework. In A Linacre & N Morling, ed. Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier. 25th Congress of the International Society for Forensic Genetics. Melbourne, VIC. Sep 2013, pp. e47-e48.
    [10.1016/j.fsigss.2013.10.024] [Scopus]
  • Khodakov, D., Khodakova, A., Linacre, A. and Ellis, A. (2013). Amelogenin locus typing using toehold-assisted fluorescent DNA melting analysis. In A Linacre & N Morling, ed. Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier. 25th World Congress of the International Society for Forensic Genetics. Melbourne, VIC. Sep 2013, pp. e119-e120.
    [10.1016/j.fsigss.2013.10.061] [Scopus]
  • Diegoli, T.M., Linacre, A.M.T., Vallone, P.M., Butler, J.M. and Coble, M.D. (2011). Allele frequency distribution of twelve X-chromosomal short tandem repeat markers in four U.S. population groups . In Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier. 24th International Congress of the International Society for Forensic Genetics. Vienna, Austria. Aug 2011, pp. e481-e483.
    [10.1016/j.fsigss.2011.09.102] [Scopus]
  • Tobe, S.S., Kitchener, A.C. and Linacre, A.M.T. (2011). Assigning confidence to sequence comparisons for species identification: A detailed comparison of the cytochrome b and cytochrome oxidase subunit I mitochondrial genes. In N Morling, ed. Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier. 24th International Congress of the International Society for Forensic Genetics. Vienna, Austria. Aug 2011, pp. e246-e247.
    [10.1016/j.fsigss.2011.08.122] [Scopus]
  • Tobe, S.S. and Linacre, A.M.T. (2011). A new assay for identifying endangered species in Traditional East Asian Medicine. In N Morling, ed. Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier. 24th International Congress of the International Society for Forensic Genetics. Vienna, Austria. Aug 2011, pp. e232-e233.
    [10.1016/j.fsigss.2011.08.115] [Scopus]
  • Kitpipit, T., Tobe, S.S., Kitchener, A.C., Gill, P. and Linacre, A.M.T. (2011). Where does this tiger come from?-A robust molecular technique for simultaneous identification of endangered species and subspecies. In N Morling, ed. Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series. Amsterdam, Nethlands: Elsevier. 24th International Congress of the International Society for Forensic Genetics. Vienna, Austria. Aug 2011, pp. e532-e533.
    [10.1016/j.fsigss.2011.10.011] [Scopus]
  • Boonseub, S., Tobe, S.S. and Linacre, A.M.T. (2009). The use of mitochondrial DNA genes to identify closely related avian species. In Niels Morling, ed. Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier. 23rd International Congress of the International Society for Forensic Genetics. Buenos Aires, Argentina. Sep 2009, pp. 275-277.
    [10.1016/j.fsigss.2009.08.050] [Scopus]
  • Kitpipit, T., Linacre, A.M.T. and Tobe, S.S. (2009). Tiger species identification based on molecular approach. In Niels Morling, ed. Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier. 23rd International Congress of the International Society for Forensic Genetics. Buenos Aires, Argentina. Sep 2012, pp. 310-312.
    [10.1016/j.fsigss.2009.08.041] [Scopus]
  • Linacre, A.M. (2009). Review of low template DNA typing. In Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series. Amsterdam, the Netherlands: Elsevier. 23rd International Congress of the International Society for Forensic Genetics. Buenos Aires, Argentina. Sep 2009, pp. 549-550.
    [10.1016/j.fsigss.2009.07.001] [Scopus]
  • Tobe, S.S. and Linacre, A.M.T. (2009). Identifying endangered species from degraded mixtures at low levels. In Neils Morling, ed. Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier. 23rd International Congress of the International Society for Forensic Genetics. Buenos Aires, Argentina. Sep 2009, pp. 304-305.
    [10.1016/j.fsigss.2009.08.052] [Scopus]
  • Tobe, S.S., Kitchener, A.C. and Linacre, A.M.T. (2009). Cytochrome b or cytochrome c oxidase subunit I for mammalian species identification-An answer to the debate. In Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier. 23rd International Congress of the International Society for Forensic Genetics. Buenos Aires, Argentina. Sep 2009, pp. 306-307.
    [10.1016/j.fsigss.2009.08.053] [Scopus]
  • Tobe, S.S. and Linacre, A.M.T. (2008). A method to identify a large number of mammalian species in the UK from trace samples and mixtures without the use of sequencing. In Niels Morling, ed. Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier. 22nd International Congress of the International Society for Forensic Sciences. Copenhagen, Denmark. Aug 2007, pp. 625-627.
    [10.1016/j.fsigss.2007.10.147] [Scopus]
  • Linacre, A.M.T. and Tobe, S.S. (2008). On the trial of tigers - tracking tiger in traditional East Asian medicine. In Niels Morling, ed. Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier. 22nd International Congress of the International Society for Forensic Science. Copernhagen, Denmark, pp. 603-604.
    [10.1016/j.fsigss.2007.10.112] [Scopus]
  • Linacre, A.M.T. (2008). The use of DNA from non-human sources. In N Morling, ed. Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier. 22nd International Congress of the International Society for Forensic Genetics. Copenhagen, Denmark. Aug 2007, pp. 605-606.
    [10.1016/j.fsigss.2007.10.108] [Scopus]
  • Tobe, S.S. and Linacre, A.M.T. (2008). Quantification of trace amounts of human and non-human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) using SYBR green and real time PCR. In Niels Morling, ed. Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier. 22nd International Congress of the International Society for Forensic Genetics. Copenhagen, Denmark. Aug 2007, pp. 71-73.
    [10.1016/j.fsigss.2007.10.103] [Scopus]
  • Kitpipit, T., Tobe, S.S. and Linacre, A.M. (2012). Erratum to: The complete mitochondrial genome analysis of the tiger (Panthera tigris) Molecular Biology Reports, 39(9841)
    [10.1007/s11033-012-1879-2]
  • Kamanna, S., Henry, J., Voelcker, N.H., Linacre, A.M. and Kirkbride, K.P. (2016). Direct identification of forensic body fluids using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry, 397-398 pp. 18-26.
    [Scopus]
  • Templeton, J.E., Taylor, D.A., Handt, O., Skuza, P.P. and Linacre, A.M. (2015). Direct PCR Improves the Recovery of DNA from Various Substrates. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 60(6) pp. 1558-1562.
    [10.1111/1556-4029.12843] [Scopus]
  • Su, C.W., Li, C.Y., Lee, J.C.L., Ji, D.D., Li, S.Y., Daniel, B., et al. (2015). A novel application of real-time RT-LAMP for body fluid identification: using HBB detection as the model. Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology, 11(2) pp. 208-215.
    [10.1007/s12024-015-9668-6] [Scopus]
  • Santos, C., Fondevila, M., Ballard, D., Banemann, R., Bento, A.M., Borsting, C., et al. (2015). Forensic ancestry analysis with two capillary electrophoresis ancestry informative marker (AIM) panels: Results of a collaborative EDNAP exercise. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 19 pp. 56-67.
    [10.1016/j.fsigen.2015.06.004] [Scopus]
  • Ottens, R.C.A., Taylor, D.A. and Linacre, A.M. (2015). Successful direct amplification of nuclear markers from single dog hairs using DogFiler multiplex. Electrophoresis, 36(17) pp. 2082-2085.
    [10.1002/elps.201400560] [Scopus]
  • Ottens, R.C., Taylor, D.A. and Linacre, A.M. (2015). DNA profiles from fingernails using direct PCR. Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology, 11(1) pp. 99-103.
    [10.1007/s12024-014-9626-8] [Scopus]
  • Haines, A.M., Tobe, S.S., Kobus, H.J. and Linacre, A.M. (2015). Effect of nucleic acid binding dyes on DNA extraction, amplification and STR typing. Electrophoresis, 36(20) pp. 2561-2568.
    [10.1002/elps.201500170] [Scopus]
  • Lee, J.C.I., Tseng, B., Ho, B.C. and Linacre, A.M. (2015). pSTR Finder: a rapid method to discover polymorphic short tandem repeat markers from whole genome sequences. Investigative Genetics, 6(10) pp. 1-5.
    [10.1186/s13323-015-0027-x] [Scopus]
  • Khodakov, D., Khodakova, A., Huang, D., Linacre, A.M. and Ellis, A. (2015). Protected DNA strand displacement for enhanced single nucleotide discrimination in double-stranded DNA. Scientific Reports, 5 pp. Article: 8721.
    [10.1038/srep08721] [Scopus]
  • Ciavaglia, S., Tobe, S.S., Donnellan, S., Henry, J. and Linacre, A. (2015). Molecular identification of python species: Development and validation of a novel assay for forensic investigations. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 16 pp. 64-70.
    [10.1016/j.fsigen.2014.12.002] [Scopus]
  • Ciavaglia, S.A., dridan, H., Kirkbride, K.P. and Linacre, A.M. (2015). Current Issues with the Investigation of Wildlife Crime in Australia: Problems and Opportunities for Improvement. Journal of International Wildlife Law and Policy, 18(3) pp. 244-263.
    [Scopus]
  • Haines, A., Tobe, S.S., Kobus, H. and Linacre, A. (2015). Properties of nucleic acid staining dyes used in gel electrophoresis. Electrophoresis, 36(6) pp. 941-944.
    [10.1002/elps.201400496] [Scopus]
  • Ogden, R. and Linacre, A.M. (2015). Wildlife Forensic Science: a Review of Genetic Geographic Origin Assignment. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 18 pp. 152-159.
    [10.1016/j.fsigen.2015.02.008]
  • Linacre, A.M. and Templeton, J.E. (2014). Forensic DNA profiling: state of the art. Research and Reports in Forensic Medical Science, 4 pp. 25-36.
    [10.2147/RRFMS.S60955]
  • Lin, Y.C., Hsieh, H.M., Lee, J.C.I., Hsiao, C.T., Lin, D.Y., Linacre, A.M., et al. (2014). Establishing a DNA identification system for pigs (Sus scrofa) using a multiplex STR amplification. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 9(1) pp. 12-19.
    [10.1016/j.fsigen.2013.10.006] [Scopus]
  • Lin, C.Y., Wen-Chien, Y., Hsieh, H.M., Tsai, L.C., Huang, T.Y., Huang, C.C., et al. (2014). Diatomological investigation in sphenoid sinus fluid and lung tissue from cases of suspected drowning. Forensic Science International, 244 pp. 111-115.
    [10.1016/j.forsciint.2014.08.023] [Scopus]
  • Kitpipit, T., Chotigeat, W., Linacre, A.M. and Thanakiatkrai, P. (2014). Forensic Animal DNA analysis using economical two-step direct PCR. Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology, 10(1) pp. 29-38.
    [10.1007/s12024-013-9521-8] [Scopus]
  • Khodakova, A., Smith, R.J., Burgoyne, L.A., Abarno, D. and Linacre, A.M. (2014). Random Whole Metagenomic Sequencing for Forensic Discrimination of Soils. PLoS One, 9(8) pp. e104996.
    [10.1371/journal.pone.0104996] [Scopus]
  • Khodakov, D., Khodakova, A., Linacre, A. and Ellis, A. (2014). Sequence selective capture, release and analysis of DNA using a magnetic microbead-assisted toehold-mediated DNA strand displacement reaction. Analyst, 139(14) pp. 3548-3551.
    [10.1039/c4an00694a] [Scopus]
  • Johnson, R.N., Wilson-Wilde, L. and Linacre, A.M. (2014). Current and future directions of DNA in wildlife forensic science. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 10(1) pp. 1-11.
    [10.1016/j.fsigen.2013.12.007] [Scopus]
  • Diegoli, T.M., Linacre, A.M., Schanfield, M.S. and Coble, M.D. (2014). Mutation rates of 15 X chromosomal short tandem repeat markers. International Journal of Legal Medicine, 128(4) pp. 579-587.
    [10.1007/s00414-014-1016-y] [Scopus]
  • Diegoli, T.M., Linacre, A.M. and Coble, M.D. (2014). Population genetic data for 15 X chromosomal short tandem repeat markers in three U.S. populations. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 8(1) pp. 64-67.
    [10.1016/j.fsigen.2013.07.008] [Scopus]
  • Collins, T.E., Ottens, R., Ballantyne, K.N., Nagle, N., Henry, J., Taylor, D., et al. (2014). Characterisation of novel and rare Y-chromosome short tandem repeat alleles in self-declared South Australian Aboriginal database. International Journal of Legal Medicine, 128(1) pp. 27-31.
    [10.1007/s00414-013-0911-y] [Scopus]
  • Ciavaglia, S.A., Donnellan, S., Henry, J. and Linacre, A.M. (2014). Species identification of protected carpet pythons suitable for degraded forensic samples. Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology, 10(3) pp. 295-305.
    [Scopus]
  • Templeton, J.E. and Linacre, A.M. (2014). DNA profiles from fingermarks. Biotechniques, 57(5) pp. 259-266.
    [Scopus]
  • Chaitanya, L., Walsh, S., Andersen, J.D., Ansell, R., Ballantyne, K.N., Ballard, D., et al. (2014). Collaborative EDNAP exercise on the IrisPlex system for DNA-based prediction of human eye colour. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 11 pp. 241-245.
    [Scopus]
  • Ottens, R.C., Taylor, D., Abarno, D. and Linacre, A.M.T. (2013). Successful direct amplification of nuclear markers from a single hair follicle. Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology, 9(2) pp. 238-243.
    [10.1007/s12024-012-9402-6] [Scopus]
  • Linacre, A.M.T. (2013). Towards a research culture in the forensic sciences. Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences, 45(4) pp. 381-388.
    [10.1080/00450618.2012.738246] [Scopus]
  • Lee, J.C.I., Tsai, L.C., Chu, P.C., Lin, Y.Y., Lin, C.Y., Huang, T.Y., et al. (2013). The risk of false inclusion of a relative in parentage testing - an in silico population study. Croatian Medical Journal, 54(3) pp. 257-262.
    [10.3325/cmj.2013.54.257] [Scopus]
  • Khodakov, D.A., Khodakova, A., Linacre, A. and Ellis, A. (2013). Toehold-Mediated Nonenzymatic DNA Strand Displacement As a Platform for DNA Genotyping. Journal of The American Chemical Society, 135(15) pp. 5612-5619.
    [10.1021/ja310991r] [Scopus]
  • Ramon-Laca, A., Linacre, A., Gleeson, D. and Tobe, S.S. (2013). Identification multiplex assay of 19 terrestrial mammal species present in New Zealand. Electrophoresis, 34(24) pp. 3370-3377.
    [10.1002/elps.201300324] [Scopus]
  • Kitpipit, T., Tobe, S.S. and Linacre, A. (2012). The complete mitochondrial genome analysis of the tiger (Panthera tigris) Molecular Biology Reports, 39(5) pp. 5745-5754.
    [10.1007/s11033-011-1384-z] [Scopus]
  • Kitpipit, T., Tobe, S., Kitchener, A., Gill, P. and Linacre, A. (2012). The Development and Validation of a Single SNaPshot multiplex for Tiger Species and Subspecies Identification - Implications for Forensic Purposes. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 6(2) pp. 250-257.
    [10.1016/j.fsigen.2011.06.001] [Scopus]
  • Boonseub, S., Johnston, G. and Linacre, A.M.T. (2012). Identification of protected avian species using a single feather barb. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 57(6) pp. 1574-1577.
    [10.1111/j.1556-4029.2012.02206.x] [Scopus]
  • Lee, J.C.I., Lin, Y.Y., Tsai, L.C., Lin, C.Y., Huang, T.Y., Chu, P.C., et al. (2012). A novel strategy for sibship determination in trio sibling model. Croatian Medical Journal, 53(4) pp. 336-342.
    [10.3325/cmj.2012.53.336] [Scopus]
  • Lee, J.C.I., Tsai, L.C., Lai, P.Y., Lee, C.C., Lin, C.Y., Huang, T.Y., et al. (2012). Evaluating the performance of whole genome amplification for use in low template DNA typing. Medicine, Science and the Law, 52(4) pp. 223-228.
    [10.1258/msl.2012.011126] [Scopus]
  • Linacre, A.M.T. (2012). Capillary electrophoresis of mtDNA cytochrome b gene sequences for animal species identification. Methods in Molecular Biology, 830 pp. 321-329.
    [10.1007/978-1-61779-461-2_22] [Scopus]
  • Hsieh, H.M., Lee, J.C.I., Wu, J.H., Chen, C.A., Chen, Y.J., Wang, G.B., et al. (2011). Establishing the pangolin mitochondrial D-loop sequences from the confiscated scales. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 5(4) pp. 303-307.
    [10.1016/j.fsigen.2010.06.003] [Scopus]
  • Lin, C.Y., Huang, T.Y., Shih, H.C., Yuan, C.H., Chen, L.J., Tsai, H.S., et al. (2011). The strategies to DVI challenges in Typhoon Morakot. International Journal of Legal Medicine, 125(5) pp. 637-641.
    [10.1007/s00414-010-0479-8] [Scopus]
  • Linacre, A.M.T. (2011). Forensic Science in Support of Wildlife Conservation Efforts - Genetic Approaches (Global Trends) Forensic Science Review, 23(1) pp. 9-18.
    [Web Link]
  • Linacre, A.M.T. and Tobe, S.S. (2011). An overview to the investigative approach to species testing in wildlife forensic science. Investigative Genetics, 2 pp. 2.
    [10.1186/2041-2223-2-2] [Scopus]
  • Linacre, A.M.T., Gusmão, L., Hecht, W., Hellmann, A.P., Mayr, W.R., Parson, W., et al. (2011). ISFG: Recommendations regarding the use of non-human (animal) DNA in forensic genetic investigations. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 5(5) pp. 501-505.
    [10.1016/j.fsigen.2010.10.017] [Scopus]
  • Lee, J.C.I., Tsai, L.C., Linacre, A.M.T. and Hsieh, H.M. (2010). Distribution of paternity index and random man not excluded values from a simulated parentage testing study. Forensic Science Journal, 9 pp. 9-18.
  • Lee, J.C.I., Tsai, L.C., Liao, S.P., Linacre, A.M.T. and Hsieh, H.M. (2010). Evaluation of the polymorphic D-loop of Columba livia in forensic applications. Electrophoresis, 31 pp. 3889-3894.
    [10.1002/elps.201000414] [Scopus]
  • Lee, J.C.I., Tsai, L.C., Hwa, P.Y., Chan, C.L., Huang, A., Chin, S.C., et al. (2010). A novel strategy for avian species and gender identification using the CHD gene. Molecular and Cellular Probes, 24 pp. 27-31.
    [10.1016/j.mcp.2009.08.003] [Scopus]
  • Linacre, A.M.T., Pekarek, V., Swaran, Y.C. and Tobe, S.S. (2010). Generation of DNA profiles from fabrics without DNA extraction. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 4 pp. 137-141.
    [10.1016/j.fsigen.2009.07.006] [Scopus]
  • Tobe, S.S., Kitchener, A.C. and Linacre, A.M.T. (2010). Reconstructing Mammalian Phylogenies: A Detailed Comparison of the Cytochrome b and Cytochrome Oxidase Subunit I Mitochondrial Genes. PLoS One, 5 pp. e14156.
    [10.1371/journal.pone.0014156] [Scopus]
  • Tobe, S.S. and Linacre, A.M.T. (2010). DNA typing in wildlife crime: recent developments in species identification. Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology, 6 pp. 195-206.
    [10.1007/s12024-010-9168-7] [Scopus]
  • Lee, J.C.L., Hsieh, H.M., Teng, H.F., Lo, S.C., Linacre, A.M.T. and Tsai, L.C. (2009). ABO genotyping by single strand conformation polymorphism - using capillary electrophoresis. Electrophoresis, 30(14) pp. 2544-2548.
    [10.1002/elps.200800815] [Scopus]
  • Lee, J.C.L., Hsieh, H.M., Huang, L.H., Kuo, Y.C., Wu, J.H., Chin, S.C., et al. (2009). Ivory identification using DNA profiling of cytochrome b gene. International Journal of Legal Medicine, 123(2) pp. 117-121.
    [10.1007/s00414-008-0264-0] [Scopus]
  • Lee, J.C.L., Tsai, L.C., Liao, S.P., Linacre, A.M.T. and Hsieh, H.M. (2009). Species identification using the cytochrome b gene of commercial turtle shells. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 3(2) pp. 67-73.
    [10.1016/j.fsigen.2008.10.005] [Scopus]
  • Tsai, L.C., Lee, J.C.L., Liao, S.P., Weng, L.H., Linacre, A.M.T. and Hsieh, H.M. (2009). Establishing the mtDNA D-loop structure of Columba Livia. Electrophoresis, 30(17) pp. 3058-3062.
    [10.1002/elps.200900194] [Scopus]
  • Pu, C.E. and Linacre, A.M.T. (2008). Increasing the confidence in half sibship determination based upon 15 STR loci. Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, 15(6) pp. 373-377.
    [10.1016/j.jflm.2008.02.004] [Scopus]
  • Lee, J.C.L., Tsai, L.C., Huang, M.T., Jhuang, J.A., Yao, C.T., Chin, S.C., et al. (2008). A novel strategy for avian species identification by cytochrome b gene. Electrophoresis, 29(11) pp. 2413-2418.
    [10.1002/elps.200700711] [Scopus]
  • Pu, C.E. and Linacre, A.M.T. (2008). Systematic evaluation of sensitivity and specificity of sibship determination using 15 STR loci. Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, 15(5) pp. 329-334.
    [10.1016/j.jflm.2007.12.018] [Scopus]
  • Tsai, L.C., Wang, J.C., Hsieh, H.M., Liu, K.L., Linacre, A.M.T. and Lee, J.C.L. (2008). Bidens identifications using the non-coding regions of chloroplast genome and nuclear ribosomal DNA. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 2(1) pp. 35-40.
    [10.1016/j.fsigen.2007.07.005] [Scopus]
  • Tobe, S.S. and Linacre, A.M.T. (2008). A technique for the quantification of human and non-human mammalian mitochondrial DNA copy number in forensic and other mixtures. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 2 pp. 249-256.
    [10.1016/j.fsigen.2008.03.002] [Scopus]
  • Tobe, S.S. and Linacre, A.M.T. (2008). A multiplex asaay to identify 18 European mammal species from mixtures using the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. Electrophoresis, 29(2) pp. 340-347.
    [10.1002/elps.200700706] [Scopus]
  • Lin, A.C.Y., Hsieh, H.M., Tsai, L.C., Linacre, A.M.T. and Lee, J.C.L. (2007). Forensic applications of infrared imaging for the detection and recording of latent evidence. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 52 (5) pp. 1148-1150.
    [10.1111/j.1556-4029.2007.00502.x] [Scopus]
  • Lee, J.C.L., Tsai, L.C., Kuan, Y.Y., Chien, W.H., Chang, K.T., Wu, C.H., et al. (2007). Racing pigeon identification using STR and CHD markers. Electrophoresis, 28(23) pp. 4274-4281.
    [10.1002/elps.200700063] [Scopus]
  • Pu, C.E. and Linacre, A.M.T. (2007). CPI distribution and cutoff values for duo kinship testing. Chinese Journal of Physiology, 50(5) pp. 232-239.
    [Scopus] [Web Link]
  • Hsieh, H.M., Huang, L.H., Tsai, L.C., Liu, C.L., Kuo, Y.C., Hsiao, C.T., et al. (2006). Species Identification of Kachuga tecta using the Cytochrome b Gene. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 51(1) pp. 52-56.
    [10.1111/j.1556-4029.2005.00004.x] [Scopus]
  • Lee, J.C.L., Tsai, L.C., Yang, C.Y., Liu, C.L., Huang, L.H., Linacre, A.M.T., et al. (2006). DNA Profiling of Shahtoosh. Electrophoresis, 27(17) pp. 3359-3362.
    [10.1002/elps.200600062] [Scopus]
  • Linacre, A.M.T. (2006). Application of Mitochondrial DNA Technologies in Wildlife Investigations - Species Identification. Forensic Science Review, 18(1) pp. 1-8.
    [Web Link]
  • Tsai, L.C., Yu, Y.C., Hsieh, H.M., Wang, J.C., Linacre, A.M.T. and Lee, J.C.I. (2006). Species identification using sequences of the trnL intron and the trnL-trnF IGS of chloroplast genome among popular plants in Taiwan. Forensic Science International, 164(2-3) pp. 193-200.
    [10.1016/j.forsciint.2006.01.007] [Scopus]
  • Hsieh, H.M., Liu, C.L., Tsai, L.C., Hou, R.J., Liu, K.L., Linacre, A.M.T., et al. (2005). Characterization of the polymorphic repeat sequence within the rDNA IGS of Cannabis sativa. Forensic Science International, 152(1) pp. 23-28.
    [10.1016/j.forsciint.2005.02.022] [Scopus]
  • Linacre, A.M.T. and Lee, J.C. (2005). Species determination: the role and use of the cytochrome B gene. Methods in Molecular Biology, 297 pp. 45-51.
    [10.1385/1-59259-867-6:045] [Scopus]
  • Hsieh, H.M., Tsai, C., Tsai, L.C., Chiang, H.L., Huang, N.E., Shih, R.T.P., et al. (2005). Species identification of meat products using the cytochrome b gene. Forensic Science Journal, 4 pp. 29-36.
    [Web Link]
  • Linacre, A. and Tobe, S.S. (2013). Wildlife DNA Analysis: Applications in Forensic Science. Chichester, UK: Wiley Blackwell.
    [10.1002/9781118496411] [Scopus] [Web Link]
  • Menotti-Raymond, M.A., David, V.A., O'Brien, S.J., Kanthaswamy, S., Projic, P., Skaro, V., et al. (2014). Forensic Animal DNA Analysis. In Dragan Primorac & Moses Schanfield, ed. Forensic DNA Applications: An Interdisciplinary Perspective. Boca Raton, Florida, United States of America: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis, pp. 317-352.
  • Linacre, A.M.T. (2009). Nature of Wildlife Crimes, Their Investigations and Scientific Processes. In Adrian Linacre, ed. Forensic Science in Wildlife Investigations. 1st ed. Boca Raton, USA: CRC Press, pp. 1-10.
  • Linacre, A.M.T. and Tobe, S.S. (2009). Species identification using DNA loci. In Adrian Linacre, ed. Forensic Science in Wildlife Investigations. 1st ed. Boca Raton, USA: CRC Press, pp. 61-94.
    [10.1201/9780849304118.ch4]
  • Kamanna, S., Henry, J., Voelcker, N.H., Linacre, A.M. and Kirkbride, K.P. (2016). Direct identification of forensic body fluids using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry, 397-398 pp. 18-26.
    [Scopus]
  • Su, C.W., Li, C.Y., Lee, J.C.L., Ji, D.D., Li, S.Y., Daniel, B., et al. (2015). A novel application of real-time RT-LAMP for body fluid identification: using HBB detection as the model. Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology, 11(2) pp. 208-215.
    [10.1007/s12024-015-9668-6] [Scopus]
  • Ottens, R.C.A., Taylor, D.A. and Linacre, A.M. (2015). Successful direct amplification of nuclear markers from single dog hairs using DogFiler multiplex. Electrophoresis, 36(17) pp. 2082-2085.
    [10.1002/elps.201400560] [Scopus]
  • Haines, A.M., Tobe, S.S., Kobus, H.J. and Linacre, A.M. (2015). Effect of nucleic acid binding dyes on DNA extraction, amplification and STR typing. Electrophoresis, 36(20) pp. 2561-2568.
    [10.1002/elps.201500170] [Scopus]
  • Ciavaglia, S.A., dridan, H., Kirkbride, K.P. and Linacre, A.M. (2015). Current Issues with the Investigation of Wildlife Crime in Australia: Problems and Opportunities for Improvement. Journal of International Wildlife Law and Policy, 18(3) pp. 244-263.
    [Scopus]
  • Santos, C., Fondevila, M., Ballard, D., Banemann, R., Bento, A.M., Borsting, C., et al. (2015). Forensic ancestry analysis with two capillary electrophoresis ancestry informative marker (AIM) panels: Results of a collaborative EDNAP exercise. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 19 pp. 56-67.
    [10.1016/j.fsigen.2015.06.004] [Scopus]

Professional and community engagement

I was a Registered Forensic Practitioners in the UK in the areas of body fluid typing, blood pattern analysis, and DNA profiling.
I was co-author of the Review of Low Template DNA Typing for the UK Home Office.
I have acted as an expert witness in numerous cases and in many different countries.

Expertise for media contact

Subject Titles

  • Forensic science
  • Wildlife

Interests

  • Forensic Science (DNA profling)

Contact

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Phone: +61 8 82012465
Email:
Location: Biological Sciences (340)
Postal address: GPO Box 2100, Adelaide 5001, South Australia
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