College of Science and Engineering
John is a Mechanical Engineer who has been working in the field of Orthopaedic Biomechanics since 1991. He completed his PhD in 2004 and undertook his postdoctoral fellowship at the University of Vermont, USA in 2005-2006 (18 months) - one of the most prestigious international biomechanics research centres. He has authored two book chapters, 41 articles, and presented over 140 papers both nationally/internationally on a wide range of biomechanical topics. His major research interests are to understand the mechanisms of spine disc degeneration/tissue injury, and bone/soft tissue mechanics across their hierarchical scales.
2004 PhD, Flinders University
1992 BEng (Hons), The University of Adelaide
2017 Spinal Research Award. 28th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Spine Society of Australia, Hobart, Australia
2016 Finalist - National Instruments Engineering Impact Award, Houston, Texas, USA.
2015 FIEAust - Elected to the grade of Fellow of Engineers Australia (Biomedical Engineering).
2014 Mace Bearer, Faculty of Science and Engineering Graduation Ceremony, Flinders University of South Australia.
2013 Best Paper Award. 24th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Spine Society of Australia, Perth, Australia.
2012 Finalist - National Engineering Excellence Award, Engineers Australia, Canberra.
2012 Malcolm Kinnaird Engineering Excellence Award, Engineers Australia, South Australia Division.
2012 Innovation, Research and Development Engineering Excellence Award, Engineers Australia, South Australia Division.
2007 Finalist - International Society of Biomechanics (ISB) - Clinical Biomechanics Award, Tapei, Taiwan.
2007 Orthotech Best Poster Award. 18th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Spine Society of Australia, Hobart, Australia.
2007 New Investigator Award - Australian and New Zealand Society of Biomechanics, Auckland, New Zealand.
2006 McClure Musculoskeletal Research Award, Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, The University of Vermont, USA.
2002 Best Postgraduate Presentation. Joint South Australian meeting of the Institution of Engineers (IEAust) Biomedical branch, the SMBE (Society for Medical and Biological Engineering) and ACPSEM (Australasian College of Physical Sciences and Engineers in Medicine).
2002 Best Poster Award. European Society of Sports Traumatology Knee Surgery and Arthroscopy, Rome, Italy.
1999 Young Investigator Award. Australian and New Zealand Orthopaedic Research Society, Brisbane, Australia.
Chair - Greenhouse Taskforce Committee (Medical Device Research Institute)
Director of Studies - Mechanical Engineering
Biomechanics and Mechanical Engineering related topics
John Costi is a Biomechanical Engineer with substantial experience in the conduct of experimental research into Orthopaedic Biomechanics of joints, soft tissue/bone, implants and medical devices. Expertise in the area of the spine and intervertebral disc biomechanics.
His major research interests are to understand the multiscale, complex mechanical behaviour and failure mechanisms of the discs and mechanisms of spine disc degeneration, disc tissue injury and biomechanics, knee ligament reconstruction, soft tissue mechanics and hip implant micromotion.
Multiscale characterisation of soft tissue mechanics
Established materials testing systems exist for medium to large scale determination of the mechanical function for whole biological tissues, implants and medical devices. However, in order to fully quantify the behaviour of tissue structures, an understanding of their structural and mechanical behaviour is required at the nano- and micro-scales. This information, together with macroscopic material behaviour, can be used to develop multi-scale models of tissues that will allow more complex and realistic simulations to be undertaken.
Programs of research are currently being developed at both nano and micro-scales and novel techniques are being developed to measure the micromechanical properties of soft tissue in multiple degrees of freedom.
Hexapod Robot for Biomechanics Testing
An award-winning, novel design of a Hexapod Robot has been developed within the School in collaboration with the School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Adelaide, to enable complex 6 DOF testing of bones, joints, soft tissues, artificial joints and other medical/surgical devices.
Funding has been obtained by John from The Repat Foundation, the Health and Medical Research Fund, Department of Health, SA Government, as well as the School and the Faculty of Science and Engineering. The current hexapod is based heavily on the very successful Hexapod developed at the University of Vermont by Ian Stokes et al.
: Tissue mechanics